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Lois Lowry
http://www.loislowry.com/http://www.bookrags.com/notes/giv/BIO.html Characters:


Major Characters
Jonas: Jonas is the pale-eyed Eleven who is chosen to become the next Receiver of Memories in the community. His Assignment is the most honored and respected one, and Jonas has theintelligence, integrity, and courage needed to become a Receiver. As he begins his training with The Giver and slowly understands the truth about the community, however, Jonas feels that things must change. Planning together with The Giver, Jonas decides to flee the community forever in order to unleash all the memories that have been kept from the citizens for so long.


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The Receiver/ The Giver : As the most venerated and regarded Elder in the community, The Receiver has the access to all the memories of the past. The Receiver, later called 'The Giver' by Jonas, has similarly pale eyes like those of Jonas and of Gabriel. He trains Jonas to succeed him as the next Receiver of Memories. He is an old, grave man who has been wearied by the burden of carrying alone the sorrow and the pain that memories bring. Jonas makes him realize that the community needs to change, and he agrees to a plan that will make everyone have access to the memories of the past. To Jonas who is often confused and frustrated as a result of his training, The Giver is a paternal figure who provides guidance as well as wisdom.

Mother: Jonas's mother is an eminent official at the Department of Justice before whom offenders of rules are brought to be judged. She is responsible for upholding rules in the community. She works many hours even at home. Jonas's parents are a perfect match for one another in terms of 'disposition, energy level, intelligence, and interests.' Mother is more intelligent than Father, but Father has a calmer disposition.
Father: Jonas's father is a Nurturer at the Nurturing Center who takes care of children who are newly born. Shy and quiet, he has 'a calmer disposition' than that of Jonas's mother, although lessintelligence. He appropriately complements her as a spouse.
Lily: Lily is Jonas's talkative little sister who is a Seven. At the December Ceremony, she becomes an Eight who wears a jacket that newly identifies her as an Eight and starts her volunteer activities in the community. To Jonas, it seems that 'Lily's feelings [are] always straightforward, fairly simple, usually easy to resolve.'
Gabriel: Gabriel is a newchild who is one of the fifty being taken care of at the Nurturing Center. Gabriel is placed in the 'extra care section for supplementary nurturing' because he does not grow normally like other children and does not sleep well. Jonas's father brings Gabriel home at nights to spend time with the family. Like Jonas, Gabriel has pale eyes which are rare in the community where most of the citizens have dark eyes. Spending his nights at Jonas's family dwelling, Gabriel is able to sleep soundly by Jonas's bedside because Jonas gives him peaceful, serene memories to help him sleep. Later, however, Gabriel is chosen to be released from the community, and Jonas takes Gabriel to save him from being killed.
Asher: Asher is Jonas's best friend. He is clumsy, careless, and imprecise with words, but cheerful and good-humored. When he becomes a Twelve, Asher receives the Assignment of Assistant Director of Recreation. He and Jonas gradually grow distant as Jonas receives training and begins to understand the truth about the community.
Fiona: Fiona is Jonas's other friend. Her Assignment as a Twelve is that of a Caretaker of the Old at the House of the Old. Fiona is 'a sensitive, gentle girl' whom Jonas likes. At the end, however, Fiona also grows apart from Jonas because she cannot understand him and his Assignment as Receiver of Memories.
Rosemary: Rosemary was a girl Eleven who had been chosen to succeed The Giver as the next Receiver of Memories ten years ago. Although her training had begun well, it had eventually failed. She could not bear the pain and the sorrow of many of the memories that were being given to her. After training one day, she went to the Chief Elder to apply for a release from the community. When Rosemary was released, the memories she had been given came back to the community and to the people because memories are forever. The people of the community suffered as a result because they did not know how to cope with pain.
Minor Characters
Benjamin: Benjamin is the Eleven who has spent most of his volunteer hours at the Rehabilitation Center where injured people are treated. Because of his experience there, Benjamin is said to be as skilled as the Directors at the Center, and his Assignment will most likely be at the Rehabilitation Center.
Larissa: Larissa is the old woman at the House of the Old whom Jonas helps bathe during his last volunteer hours. During her bath, Larissa tells Jonas about a Ceremony of Release they had for a man named Roberto earlier that day and another recent release for a woman named Edna. After meeting her, Jonas remembers 'her sparkling eyes, her soft voice, her low chuckle.' Later, he learns from Fiona that she has also been released.
Roberto: Roberto is an elderly man at the House of the Old whom Jonas had once helped feed. When Jonas goes again to the House of the Old and meets Larissa, she tells him that Roberto had been released earlier that day. During his release, his life as an Instructor of Elevens, a member of the Planning Committee, and a father of two successful children had been celebrated.
Edna: Edna is another elderly woman whom Larissa talks about. She had also been released recently, but her life telling had not been very interesting like Roberto's had been during his release. She had been a Birthmother, then a Laborer in Food Production. She hadn't even had a family.
Caleb: Caleb had been a cheerful child-a Four who was lost in the river. During the December Ceremony, a newchild is named Caleb in order to replace the Caleb who had been lost earlier. The community performs a Murmur-of-Replacement Ceremony during which people in the audience repeats the name 'Caleb,' getting louder and faster as if they are bringing the lost Caleb back.
Fritz: Fritz is an awkward, clumsy boy in the community. When he receives his bicycle as a Nine, Fritz immediately bumps into the podium. He is known for his minor careless mistakes, 'but each such error [reflects] negatively on his parents' guidance and [infringes] on the community's sense of order and success.'
Chief Elder: The Chief Elder is the leader of the community who is newly elected every ten years. At the December Ceremony, the Chief Elder makes speeches and gives out Assignments to the Elevens.
Committee of Elders: The Committee of Elders is a group ofElders in the community whose long robes distinguish them from the rest of the citizens. The Elders make important decisions about matters concerning the community. They observe children during school hours as well as during recreation and volunteer hours in order to give them their appropriate Assignments. The Elders also observe citizens to match them with appropriate spouses and assign them to children. The Giver who is also a member of the Committee occasionally meets with the other Elders to give them advice when they need counsel on things that are new or unfamiliar to them.
Pierre: Pierre is a fellow Eleven whose number is Twenty. Jonas does not like Pierre very much because he is 'very serious, not much fun, and a worrier and tattletale.' He is always worried about abiding by the most trivial rules in the community. During the ceremony, the Chief Elder skips Jonas to give Pierre his Assignment.
Madeline: Madeline is a female Eleven who is Number One. As the first born newchild during her year, Madeline is given her Assignment first as a Fish Hatchery Attendant. Jonas thinks that he would not have liked Madeline's Assignment.
Inger : Inger is a female Eleven who is Number Two. She is assigned as a Birthmother. Jonas thinks that this is an appropriate Assignment for Inger who is 'nice,' but 'lazy'
Issac: Issac, Three, is given an Assignment as Instructor of Sixes.
Katherine : Katharine is a Six who has pale eyes like those of Jonas. Like The Giver and Jonas who both have pale eyes, it is expected that she will also be selected to become a Receiver in the future.

Worksheets to Use while Reading The Giver:


Chapter 1:

Jonas has a memory of a time when he was scared because an airplane flew over his community. He compares this experience to his feeling of "apprehension" about the ceremony that will be happening soon. Jonas and his family have a FEELINGS ritual when they share the way they felt during the day.

Predictions:
What do you think this ceremony will be? Why is Jonas APPREHENSIVE?


WORDS TO KNOW:
intrigued
trembled
dwelling
released
palpable
distraught
distracted
eager
apprehensive
shudder
rituals
defiant
disposition
pondered
nuturing
transgression
awed
obediently

RULES, laws one needs to follow, AND RITUALS, activities that are part of the society/family life:
As you are reading and listening keep track of the different rules and rituals that are part of the society Jonas lives in.






Chapter 2: Begin filling out the Rules, Rituals, and Acceptable Behavior sheet:


Are there animals in Jonas' community? How do you know this, explain with details from the book?


Words to Know:
enhance
fascinated
awed
established
family unit
assembled
delight
shivered
aptitude
impatient
imaginary creatures

Chapter 3:

Explain Jonas' memory of the apple? What happened, used sequence words and details from the book in your answer?
What is interesting about the way Gabriel looks? Why do you think this is important?

Words to Know:
chastise
pale
insensitive
chatter
birthmother
rarity
depth
honor
reluctantly
disposed
hoarded
humiliation
incident
bewilderment
coordination
renewal
hovered
reflective



Chapter 3-4

Chapter 4:

Words to Know:
leisurely
regulated
invariable
rehabilitation
rumored
awkward
bragging
disgrace
tabulated
serene
exposed
tenderly
anthem
chortled
slyly

CONTINUE FILLING OUT RULES/RITUALS/ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOR


Chapter 4-5

Chapter 5:

What are the "stirrings"?
Why do you think the people take pills to stop the "stirrings"?

Words to Know:
fragments
afloat
wandered
recounted
perspiring
treatment
dosage
adjusted
pleasurable
guiltily


Chapter 6:

Explain what Elsewhere is. What is the story Jonas and Asher know about Elsewhere?

What happens to an "inadequate" newchild?

What happen to the first Caleb?

How do new children get their names (infer)?

Describe the Ceremony in sequence/order.

What do eights receive? what does this symbolize?

How does Lois Lowry give suspense at the end of the chapter?



Words to Know:
fidgeted
impatiently
irritably
glimpse
wails
howls
reprieve
plea
replacement
somber
gleaming
undergarments
merriment
disposiition
scrupulously
meticulously
transgression
buoyancy
relinquish


Chapter 7:

What does the number of each child mean?
What is Asher's assignment? Why is this a good assignment for him?
What happens when it is time for Jonas' number to be called? What do you think this means? How does this make Jonas feel?

Words to Know:
mischief
exasperated
progressed
duplication
tattletale
profound
tribute
meticulously
prestige
discarded
ruefully
precision
shame

Chapter 8:

How does the Chief Elder describe the training Jonas will have to do?
What are the 5 attributes the Receiver must have?
What is the Capacity to See Beyond? How does Jonas know he has this?

WORDS to KNOW:
attributes
pride
despair
magnitude
integrity
astonishment
awe
indolence
benign
assembled


Chapter 9:

Why does Jonas feel APARTNESS?
What was in Jonas' training folder? What surprised him?

Words to Know:
uncertainty
Apartness
dismounting
dismayed
unnerving
requisitioned
integral
excruciating

Chapter 10:

Describe the Receiver.
Why does the receiver look older than he is?
Why is Jonas astonished that he can turn off the speaker?

Words to Know:
astonished
designated
hastily
insure
dwelling
embossed
splendid
conspicuous
transmit
tentatively
impatiently
concept
chuckled
exhilarating
betray




Chapter 11:

What is the sensation Jonas describes on p.80-81?
Why did transmitting a memory make the receiver lighter?
Why is there no snow in the community?
What is climate control?
Why does the Receiver ask Jonas to call him The Giver?

Words to Know:
disgrace
frigid
sensation
pinpricks
torrent
poised
descent
propelled
obsolete
unwieldly
weary
wincing

Chapter 12:

What was Jonas seeing when things "changed"?
How does the Giver show this to him?
Why does Jonas get upset?

Words to Know:
fretful
admonition
abuzz
flustered
indescribable
phenomenon
dumbfounded
relinquished
comprehend
wryly

Chapter 13:

Why does Jonas say it isn't fair for there not to be any colors?
How does the Giver react to Jonas talking about what he learned from his instructors? Why do he react this way?
What do you predict will be the memory the Giver will give to Jonas?

Words to Know:
absurdity
irrationally
uneasily
anguished
sinuous
massive
skeptically
meticulous
access
advice
counsel
burden
vaguely
bitterly
embedded
shield



Chapter 14:

What is the new memory the Giver transmits to Jonas? How does Jonas react to this memory?
Why is Gabriel's future still uncertain?
How does Jonas calm Gabriel in the middle of the night? Why does he decide not to tell the Giver?

Words to Know:
ache
lingered
unendurable
breathtaking
anguish
isolation
distended
burdened
vital
ominous
placidly
fluttering
whimper
lull
billowing


Chapter 15:

Describe the memory the Giver transmits to Jonas.
What does Jonas now understand?

Words to Know:
rigid
hesitated
contorted
anguish
torturing
splintery
parched
carnage
warfare


Chapter 16:

What will happen to Jonas' parents when Lily and Jonas move out?
What is the new word and concept Jonas learns from the memory?
Why doesn't Gabriel sleep when he is away from Jonas?
Why doesn't Jonas take his pill in the morning?

Words to Know:
uneventful
countless
unique
ecstatic
solitude
bearings
pervaded
perceive
concept
wisp
blurted
faltered
anticipated


Chapter 17:

What is Jonas' reaction to the game the kids are playing? Why?
How does Jonas feel about his friends? Has this feeling changed?

Words to Know:
mastered
realm
depth
shallow
impatience
exasperation
justice
cruelty
strewn
staggered
surged
shuddering
expertise
wearily

Chapter 18:
Describe Rosemary.
Why did Rosemary apply for release after 5 weeks of training?
Words to Know:
dejected
self-possessed
ruefully
luminous
faltered
treasured
delights
stunned
inflict
anguish
successor
gravely
devastated
lighthearted

Chapter 19:

What does Jonas discover about being "released"?
How does he learn this?

Words to Know:
seldom
access
receptacle
posture
syringe
puncturing
chute
wretched
emerge


Chapter 20:

What does this mean: "Jonas brushed wetness from his face..."?
Describe the plan the Giver and Jonas make.
Who was the Giver's daughter?

Words to Know:
weeping
huddled
empowered
mimicked
efficient
burden
chaos
emphatically
inconsiderate
plea
undertaking
glumly


Chapter 21:
Why does Jonas have to leave earlier than planned?
How does Jonas hide during his escape?
Words to Know:
stealthily
churning
regret
frazzeled
condemned
rhythmic
lapping
hypnotically
seeped
jolted
augmented
taut
intently
habitation
vigilant
haphazard



Chapter 22:

How has the landscape changed on Jonas' travel?
What pain is Jonas now feeling?
How does he feel about Gabriel?

Words to Know:
instinctively
diminished
perils
soaring
warble
exquisite
cultivated
meager
desperation
methodically
tantalizing
gnawing
yearned
encountering

Chapter 23:

How has Jonas' training prepared him for getting to Elsewhere?
What do you think about the ending of The Giver? Do you like it or dislike it? Why?
What do you think happens next?
Words to Know:
blur
feebly
imperceptibly
obscured
agonizingly
lethargy
treacherously
trudged
summit
surged
incision